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CASE REPORT
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 92-96

Large fenestrated atrial septal occluder to treat an elderly female in her seventh decade


1 Department of Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease, Medica Superspecialty Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Cardiology, Medica Superspecialty Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Medica Superspecialty Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Department of Pulmonology, Medica Super Specialty Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
5 Department of Cardiology, Medica Super Specialty Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anil Kumar Singhi
Department of Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease, Medica Superspecialty Hospital, Mukundapur, Kolkata - 700 099, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ACCJ.ACCJ_23_22

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Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the common congenital heart anomalies presenting in the geriatric group. It presents with symptoms such as progressive effort intolerance, arrhythmias, and palpitations. Sometimes, associated obstructive and restrictive respiratory diseases can contribute significantly to the symptoms masked by cardiac disease. A female in her seventh decade, presenting with dyspnea, had a large ASD with diastolic dysfunction and moderate pulmonary hypertension. She had persistence of symptoms after initial treatment for cardiac elements. On detailed evaluation, she was found to have mixed obstructive and restrictive respiratory disease. She was treated for respiratory elements under expert pulmonology guidance with significant improvement. The ASD was occluded with a custom-made fenestrated 40 mm LifeTech atrial septal occluder in view of diastolic dysfunction and initial pulmonary arterial hypertension. She remained symptomatically better on her short-term follow-up. The index case highlights the importance of detailed evaluation of elderly patients with large ASDs and individualized care to treat.


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