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Coronary artery ectasia and giant coronary aneurysms presenting with recurrent acute coronary syndrome and heart failure

1 Department of Cardiology, Aster Medcity, Kochi, Kerala, India
2 Department of Cardiology, Belhoul Speciality Hospital, Dubai, UAE

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Roy Narayanan,
Department of Cardiology, Aster Medcity, Kochi, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) or aneurysm (CAA) is characterized by inappropriate dilatation of the coronary vasculature. While our understanding of CAAs has developed over the last few years, the exact mechanism of Kawasaki disease (KD) and coronary artery complications is unknown. There is a scarcity of data addressing the management and prognosis of patients with CAE. KD is the most common cause of coronary aneurysms in children, whereas atherosclerosis is the most common cause in adulthood, and may present as missed KD. While infection, trauma, vasculitis, KD, cocaine use, and iatrogenic causes form the other etiologies of CAE. Here, we report a young patient who presented with recurrent acute coronary syndromes and heart failure in whom angiography showed severely ectatic coronary arteries with giant CAAs containing a heavy burden of thrombus, diagnosed as probable missed KD, especially with morphological findings from the coronary angiogram.

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